Types of Tenses and Examples in English

Types of Tenses and Examples in English

A word form used to indicate the time of an incident pertaining to the moment of speaking is referred to as tense. It signifies an activity’s completion or continuation. Let’s look at the various tenses with some examples.

What are the three types of tenses?

  1. Present tense
  2. past tense
  3. future tense

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Present tense

The present tense is used to describe current events. We read four different types of present tenses in this tense, each of which vividly explains the various aspects necessary for an in-depth analysis of present tenses. These are the main ones:

  1. Present Continuous tenses
  2. Present Perfect Continuous tenses
  3. Present Indefinite tenses
  4. Present perfect tenses

Present Indefinite Tense:

The simple present tense, also known as the present indefinite, is used to describe events that have already taken place or will take place in the future based on established facts or a narrative.


I am woken up by my mother for school.

It means that my mother is currently assisting me in getting ready for school, suggesting action in everyday life.

Present Continuous Tense:

The current sequence of events is referred to using the present continuous tense. To put it another way, we are able to say that these actions are the outcomes of events that are still in the process of occurring or will occur in the near future.


I’m on my way to the market to get some vegetables.

This indicates that my actions have not yet reached the market and are continuing. To put it another way, we can say that we will soon be purchasing vegetables.

Present Perfect Tense:

The series of events that have just occurred in the recent past and will have an effect on the topic at hand are referred to in the present perfect tense.


He has visited the USA numerous times.

The example illustrates three important concepts. The unspecified time period, the recent event, and all of these actions pertaining to a single topic are the first three.

Present Perfect Continuous Tense:

It alludes to an individual or a gathering activity that began before and is as yet being completed.


She has spent the morning studying.

(This indicates that studying is still taking place.)

 Past Tense

The past tense aids in our comprehension of actions that have already taken place or been carried out.

How many different kinds of past tenses exist?

  1. Past indefinite tenses
  2. Past continuous tenses
  3. Past perfect tenses
  4. Past indefinite tenses.

Past indefinite tenses

The past can be described using the indefinite or straightforward past tense.


Ram had finished his homework on time for submission.

(This indicates that Ram has finished his work.)

Past Continuous Tenses:

The past action continues to take place, as indicated by the Past Continuous or Past Progressive tense.


Sita and Raman were having a loud chuckle.

This indicates laughing, which suggests that the action (verb) is still being performed

 Past Perfect Tenses:

The Past Perfect tense identifies the two previous actions, implying that one course of action impliedly occurred first and the other, also occurring in the immediate past, occurred next.

To add clarity to the preceding definition: –


When I got to the dock, the ship had already left the port.

The idea that the ship leaving is the first event occurring before I reach the port, all occurring in the immediate past, is clearly illustrated by this example.

 Past Perfect Continuous Tenses:

The phrase “when an action or a series of events that occurred last time still continues for some more specific period” is used in the Past Perfect Continuous tense.


To scare the puppies, the boys had been throwing stones at them.

This clearly demonstrates that the boys continue to throw stones as they did the previous time.

Future Tense

It describes an upcoming event or course of action. We have four different kinds of future tense that can be used to show sentences differently to show the reader the order of the events that will take place.

How many different kinds of future tenses exist?

  1. Future Continuous
  2. Future Indefinite Tenses
  3. Future perfect tenses
  4. Future Perfect Continuous Tenses

Future Indefinite Tenses

The simple future tense, also known as the future indefinite, helps us comprehend the straightforward course of upcoming events.


Tomorrow, my father will return from the tour.

The phrase “my father will come tomorrow” simply refers to the fact that my father has not yet arrived.

Future Continuous Tense

Plans of events that will continue to occur in the future are referred to as the future continuous tense. To put it another way, it means that a future event will go on for a certain amount of time.


I will attend a cricket match at the stadium.

Together, they demonstrate that the event of going to the stadium has not yet occurred.

Future Perfect tense

It describes the event’s possible completion in the future.


Before the guest arrives, we will have made every arrangement.

This indicates that the goal of getting everything ready for guests to arrive soon is in the future perfect tense.

 Future Perfect Continuous

It indicates that the action of an event is ongoing. As a result, the movement will carry on in the future.


By the end of the month, I will have finished reading the book.

The preceding illustration makes it abundantly clear that reading will continue until the end of this month.

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