What is Chemistry and Its Main Branches?

What is chemistry 

What is Chemistry? In a nutshell, it’s a discipline of science that involves the study of matter; its properties, and the changes it undergoes. Matter according to scientists s is anything that occupies space and that has mass; moreover matter is anything that is physically real.

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Science is the process by which students learn more about the universe by testing, observing, and generating the models that explain their observations. Since physical science is vast, there are many branches of science such as biology, mathematics, geology, and physics.

The practice of science has changed just like the universe has changed over time; chemistry is a modern form that was discovered in the 1900s. this subject tends to focus on the study of atoms and molecules which make up the elements and compounds. These chemical properties interact with each other through chemical bonds. Moreover, chemistry involves the study of interactions between energy and matter.

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Branches of Chemistry

The study of chemistry helps us understand the properties and the nature around us; Antoine Lavoisier gave way to the study of modern chemistry. He gives the chemistry field a structure by developing symbolism and an ordered language. The greatest challenge that our scientists face is to develop an explanation for the coherent behaviors of materials.

Scientists have struggled to develop theories that attempt to satisfactorily explain both change and permanence. Any substance whether naturally occurring or artificially produced consists of different species of atoms that are identified as elements. Chemistry is divided into five many sub-disciplines. Some of these branches of chemistry include:

  1. Inorganic chemistry – inorganic chemistry involves the study of what generally does not contain carbon. Most of the inorganic chemicals are found in minerals and rocks. Organic chemistry is involved in the designing of materials involved with energy and information technology.
  2. Physical chemistry – this branch of chemistry involves the study of atomic properties, macroscopic properties, and phenomena in chemical systems. Physical scientists may also study the energy transfer that occurs in a reaction, chemical reactions, and the physical structure of elements.
  3. Analytical chemistry – analytical chemistry involves the study of the composition of matter. Analytical chemists focus on identifying, separating, and quantifying the chemicals in the matter. Scientists can also use complex instruments in order to analyze unknown elements and determine their components.
  4. Organic chemistry – it involves the study of chemicals containing carbon with hydrogen. carbon is one of the most abundant elements on earth and is capable of a vast number of chemical reactions. Moreover, most of the chemicals found in all living things are made up of carbon.
  5. Biochemistry –biochemistry involves the study of chemical processes that occur in living things. this branch covers basic cellular functions and helps researchers to understand diseases; therefore better treatment is developed.

Examples of chemistry in our daily lives

 As mentioned earlier chemical reactions are constantly taking place around us .; the human beings body has thousands of reactions taking place each and every day. Processes such as the digestion of food to the movement of muscles involve chemical reactions. Some of the chemistry application in our daily lives includes;

  • Substances such as soaps and detergents that are used in hygiene work use a chemical process called emulsification.
  • Sunscreens used by humans to protect themselves from harmful ultraviolet rays of the sun are based on chemical processes. These chemicals consist of combinations of organic and inorganic compounds that block radiation.
  • The process of s photosynthesis involves a process by which plants convert water, carbon dioxide, oxygen, and glucose; this is a chemical reaction. This process involves the foundation upon which the food chain is developed.
  •  Chemistry has enhanced our understanding of radioactive elements and scientists have developed mobile X-rays that are now used s in different medical fields. Chemistry reactions have given us treatment for cancer.
  • Chemical properties such as bricks and cement play an essential part in the quality of construction. Wall tiers and floors are constructed of heat-resistant polymers that add strength to the building. Therefore chemistry enables us to use all these resources to develop structures.
  • The electrochemistry knowledge governs the building and operation of batteries. The chemical energy is stored inside batteries and transformed into electrical energy through electrochemical processes.


 Scientists have been driven by the desire to s build complicated molecules and compounds .; this, therefore, has led to the construction of admirable molecules. Chemistry offers students vast opportunities, especially due to the increased demand for technology. Chemistry is a college subject that is considered the toughest. Chemistry is a branch of science that involves a lot of formulas, tonnes of explanations, and mathematical calculations. Chemicals are fundamental components in our everyday life; the study of chemistry has simplified human beings’ lives through its vast application.





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